The development trend of logistics machinery and equipment
Issuing time:2020-11-25 11:56
With the expansion of the scale of production and logistics, and the improvement of logistics automation, logistics machinery and equipment are used more and more widely in modern production and logistics, and their role is becoming more and more important; and modern production and modern logistics also propose logistics machinery and equipment. Higher requirements. The improvement of modern mechanical equipment design capabilities and the rapid advancement of science and technology have resulted in a sharp increase in the technical content, knowledge content, and cultural content of logistics machinery and equipment. Logistics machinery and equipment are undergoing a huge transformation. In the new century, the technical performance of logistics machinery and equipment will enter a new stage of development, and logistics machinery and equipment will surely achieve greater development
Looking at the development status of logistics machinery and equipment, we can see that in order to meet the needs of modern logistics, logistics machinery and equipment have the following development trends:
1. Large-scale and high-speed
Large-scale refers to the increasing capacity, scale, and capability of equipment, and high-speed refers to the greatly accelerated equipment's operating speed, operating speed, recognition speed, and computing speed. The rapid development of modern society and economy has continuously expanded the scale of production and logistics. In order to improve operational efficiency and scale benefits, the demand for large-scale, high-speed logistics machinery is constantly increasing. The lifting capacity, carrying capacity, productivity, and working capacity of logistics machinery and equipment are getting bigger and bigger, and the working speed is getting faster and faster.
2. Practical and lightweight
Logistics machinery and equipment is an important material and technical basis for modern and automated logistics. Logistics machinery and equipment are required to be convenient to use, easy to maintain and operate, have excellent durability, trouble-free and good economy, as well as high safety and reliability. Therefore, in the future, more attention will be paid to the development of logistics machinery and equipment with good performance, low cost and high reliability. Some logistics machinery and equipment are used in general occasions and the work is not heavy. This type of equipment has a large batch and a wide range of uses. Considering comprehensive benefits, it can reduce the appearance height, simplify the structure, reduce the cost, and also reduce the operating cost of the equipment. This kind of lightweight equipment will develop faster in the future.
3. Specialization and generalization
Logistics is the product of social and economic development, and it will inevitably show diversified characteristics with the development of social economy. The diversified characteristics reflect the diversification of the demand for logistics machinery and equipment, so that logistics machinery and equipment have a variety of varieties and are constantly updated. The systemicity and consistency of logistics activities and the fast and mobile transportation and distribution require some equipment to develop in the direction of specialization, and at the same time, it requires some equipment to develop in the direction of generalization and standardization. Special equipment meets special needs with special functions and can play a priority role. For example, the functions of special cranes such as railways, ships, containers, etc. will continue to increase, their performance will continue to improve, and their adaptability will continue to increase; container ships, bulk carriers, concrete trucks, tankers, etc. have a wide range of uses and low costs. Some general-purpose equipment can also realize the rapid conversion of logistics operations and greatly improve the efficiency of logistics operations. For example, large container trailers can carry containers of all sizes for sea, air, and railway transportation. In the future, generalized equipment will also be further developed.
4. Automation and intelligence
Combining mechanical technology and electronic technology, applying advanced microelectronic technology, power electronic technology, optical cable technology, hydraulic technology, and fuzzy control technology to the mechanical drive and control system, realizing the automation and intelligence of logistics machinery and equipment will be Future development direction. For example, the new generation of electrical control devices for large and efficient cranes has been developed into a fully electronic digital control system, which is composed of fully digital control drive devices, programmable logic controllers, fault diagnosis and data management systems, and digital control set detection devices. The application of advanced technology makes the crane more flexible, thus improving the comprehensive automation level of the single machine. The operation of transportation equipment is more and more dependent on the intelligence of instruments, signals and driving assistance systems. The development and application of automated driving systems in sea and air transportation, delivery and collection vehicles in automated warehouses, and intelligent transportation systems (ITS) for road transportation will attract wide attention from all countries. In addition, with the help of satellite communication technology, transportation equipment can be tracked and controlled throughout the entire process, and rapid response to market changes can be made. At the end of 2000, Northwest International Telecommunications Co., Ltd. established a freight vehicle dispatching management system for FAW Storage and Transportation Company, which combines GPS, GIS, GSM and other technologies to realize the tracking and monitoring of goods throughout the process. The system can effectively avoid the idling of the vehicle, arrange the pick-up and delivery time reasonably and effectively, greatly improve the utilization rate of the vehicle, save the transportation cost, and enable the enterprise or the owner to understand the entire situation of the goods in the transportation. Satisfy customers' needs for vehicle safety services, management and dispatching and information services to the limit. Since its establishment, the system has been running well and has played a very good effect. It has provided a basis for effective logistics management and will be more widely used in the future.
Intelligent handling vehicles AHV (Autonomous Handling Vehicle) will also be widely used. The shape of the AHV is similar to the AGV currently used, but it is equipped with two general-purpose manipulators. When working, it relies on a visual industrial camera to judge the position and size of the goods. Like a person, the manipulator can freely carry the weight. 200-300 kg cargo. AHV has the function of cooperative operation. When the goods being transported are too long or heavy, they can be transported by two or more ARVs. This will greatly reduce the specifications and models of the ARV and facilitate management. The joint operation of several AHVs of the same specification can greatly improve their operational capabilities.
5. Complete and systematic
On the basis of single-machine automation of logistics machinery and equipment, various logistics machinery and equipment are formed into a logistics machinery and equipment integrated system through a computer, and coordinated with the logistics system through the control of the central control room. This kind of logistics machinery equipment has a high degree of automation and has information processing functions. It can store, calculate, logically determine, transform and process various information detected by the sensors, and then issue control instructions to the actuator. This kind of logistics machinery equipment also has a better information input and output interface to realize the complete, accurate and reliable transmission of information in the entire logistics machinery integrated system. Through system integration, logistics machinery and equipment can form priority matching and combination of different models, learn from each other's strengths and make up for their weaknesses, and give play to priority effects. In the future, the focus will be on the factory production and handling automation system, the goods distribution system, the container handling system, and the automatic sorting and handling system of goods.